Total remains are approximately 21, 300 items including 1000 items of excavation burial cultural properties that were excavated from historic sites at Deokcheon-dong, Nopo-dong, old tombs, Gimhaeeupseong in Busan, Gyeongnam area, 5,500 items of purchasing, 3,900 items of donation, 360 items of collecting. At present, 1,500 items of History and Folk customs of Busan from the Prehistoric period to the present (till in1953) are mainly displayed. About 40 stone-built items such as pagoda, Buddhist statues, tombstones, etc. are displayed at the outdoor exhibition space.
Yeongtaeinyeonmyeong Napseoksariraho (The Lead-stone Ash Urn with 'the 2nd Year of Yeongtae's Rule' Inscription) National Treasure No. 233
The inscription on the surface of this ash urn reveals that its exact production date is A.D. 766, and it is known to have been excavated from the jungdaeseok(central seat)on the daejwa(support), on which the stone Birojanabul is seated, at the site of a closed temple in Jirisan(mountain), Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do. Three rows of fine lines were engraved around the surface of its body, and 15 lines of inscription (characters), each line composed of 8-11 characters, were engraved on it. The inscription reveals the production date and origin of the ash urn and the Buddha sculpture. Besides since the inscription was made in Idu characters(Chinese characters borrowed to represent the sounds of spoken Korean), it serves as an important data for the study of language and literature, etc. as well as the Buddhist art.
This is a Resistance Monument Against Foreign Power that Heungsun Daewongun set up in Seoul and important spots all over the country to resist powerful countries such as Western countries and Japan, and to reinforce national isolation and stimulate people’s awakening for it. Originally,
it was set up at the Busanjin ruins of a fortress. A passage of “Not fighting when the “Yangoh” (Western Savage) invades means a compromise and it is the same as a treachery to our country.
I warn this to our descendants. Made in year of Byungin, set up in year of Sinmi.” is engraved on it.
All of Cheokhwabi were removed after Chung Dynasty (China) kidnapped Daewongun during the Imogunran (Military Revolt in 1882, Imoh Year) and Joseon was forced to open up the door to foreigners.
Era: Joseon Dynasty (the 19th century), Height: 143cm, Width: 44.7cm, in 1871 (the 8th year of Go Dynasty)
Yakjojechalbi are the monuments erected in 1683(the 9th year of Sukjong's reign) by the governors of Dongnaebu and Tsushima Islands Province to proclaim the concluded five prohibition regulations after the establishment of the waegwan was attended by evils such as smuggling, illegal trade, etc. It is regarded as one of the very valuable relics for the study of the Joseon-Japan relationship.
The monuments were originally inscribed both in Chinese and Japanese, and erected at Seolmun (guardgate) on the Joseon part and with the waegwan boundary on the Japanese part. But today only the monument erected by Joseon remains and is displayed in the open-air site of the Busan Museum.
This monument was set up outside of the Nammun (Southern gate), Mt. Nongju, which was a hard-fought field in 1670 (the 11th year of King Hyunjong’s resign), to the memory of Deputy delegate Song, Sang Hyung, who died for the country against Japanese invaders at the Dongnae Nammun (Southern gate).
In 1688 (the 14th year of King Sukjong’s resign), Deputy delegate, Lee, Deok Seong made extensions. In 1709 (the 35th year of Sukjong’s resign), Deputy delegate, Yi Jin, Gwon moved it to the front yard of a detached building when he built the detached building at Chungryeol Temple. But in 1763 (the 12th year of Youngjo’s design), as they had to remove the detached building, it had to be moved to Dongnae Nammun (Southern gate). Now it stands on the outdoor exhibition space, with an epitaph for spirits who died in defense of their loyalty during Imjin-Waeran (Japanese Invasion to Korea in 1592, Imjin Year). At that time, well-known dignitaries from political and academic field participated in the composition of epitaph. Song, Si Yeol composed, Song, Jun Gil wrote it and Lee, Jung Young wrote a seal character. There are a couple of dragons engraving on Head stone of the monument, but the pedestal stone is gone now.
It is now damaged heavily and the characters engraved on it are almost gone, only some on the top is left. But the contents have been handed down by transcription, and a restoration monument of “Dongnae Nammunbi” stands aside.
Height: 225cm, Width: 121cm
Dongnaebu Dongha-myeon archive - Busan Metropolitan City-designated Tangible treasure No.24
Dongha-myeon archive is a directly related document with local self-government administration of Dongnaebu Dongha-myeon (Part of Haeundae-gu at present) in the Joseon Dynasty.
It is a very important material that informs social cultural background of this region and local administration in the late Joseon Dynasty in detail. Dongha-myun archives are 30 books including “Dongha-myeon family register ledger, 338 pages before in 1910, and 87 pages after in 1910, therefore total page is 470. It is a very valuable material to study history, society, and culture of Busan at the end of Joseon Dynasty. We could have a significant base in document to examine local history of Haeundae area as well as we could learn unique administration matters or civil condition that we could not find out from the Dongnaebueupji or the Japanese settlement.
In addition, when it comes to researching the local history at the end of the Joseon Dynasty, it is very rare as public documents and it is very useful to to clarify division of roles and responsibilities of local administrative units such as Pungheon of Hyangyak or Dongyak that have been controversial so far.
It had been kept at Public Senior Citizens’ House in Jwa-dong, Haeundae in the meanwhile. Since a national reformation in 1894 (“Gapohgaehyeok”), local administration documents about the Joseon Dynasty have been almost gone, so it is a very invaluable material to know cultural background and tradition.
A combination type of fishing hook that was found at Beombang-dong, Gangseo-gu is a hook of bone, which connects a fishing pole made of stone. They were found in the remains of the Neolithic period sites such as Yangyang-gun, Osan-ri, and Gangwon-do, which show a fishing history during the Neolithic period. There is 2-4 of grooves on the top of an axis that enable to bind fishing wires.
Axis : Length 7.1cm, Width 1.1cm, Thickness 0.9cm
Hook : Length 3.7cm, Width 0.8cm, Thickness 0.9cm
This is a celadon porcelain cup with a mat in the middle of Goryeo. The cup and the mat are of flower shape with 10 pieces of petal. Petal on the cup saucer of the mat is of a mountain shape, and a stem of the mat is of a diaper shape. The outside is inlaid with veins and chrysanthemum patterns. Inlaid technique is originated from damascene method of metal crafts and an inlaying method of mother-of-pearl lacquer.
This is a middle-sized temple bell that was reportedly unearthed around Jecheon, Chungcheongbuk-do. It has been relatively kept better than other bells of Goryeo Era.
It is said that the reasons why they cast and gave it to the temple is that, after iron bell was broken, another one was made of additional 40 pounds of brass, which is inscribed on the front.
And on the back was inscribed names of monks and craftsmen ? “Yoo, Seon”
From those inscriptions, we could recognize this is the bell of Ansusa (Temple), Sangju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. The bell is of a general shape in other temples, but the unique thing is that a seated figure of Bodhisattva is placed on between other seated figures.
Era: Goryeo(the 12th century), Height: 50.0cm, Diameter: 31.5cm
This is Jade green-colored pottery Janggu is made as 2 parts dividing in the middle. It was used as a musical instrument with leather attached on both sides of it.
One side is opened widely and the other side is narrowly pursed. The wide side is on the left, which is beaten with hand. The narrow side is on the right, which is beaten with bamboo drumstick. A light gray-blue glaze is applied all over, except for the connection part in the middle. After drawing each pattern of 2 lines for the sound body and 1 line for the axis ? in total 3 white inlaid lines for each, the top is inlaid with vine patterns, the bottom with lotus flower, and other spaces with small chrysanthemum patterns. Most of pottery Janggu that have been known are from the age of Goryeo, but this is from the Joseon Dynasty. Among existing pottery-Janggu, it is the oldest one in production and use.
Era: Joseon (Late 15th century), Length: 56cm, Left diameter: 23.8cm, Right diameter: 19cm